|06/07/2013 - Evaluation of the International Finance Corporation’s Global Trade Finance Program, 2006–12. The International Finance Corporation (IFC) introduced the Global Trade Finance Program (GTFP) in 2005 to “support the extension of trade finance to underserved clients globally.” The program has since expanded rapidly, and its authorized exposure ceiling was increased in three stages from $500 million in 2005 to $5 billion in 2012. In FY12, the GTFP accounted for 39 percent of total IFC commitments, 53 percent of its commitments in Sub Saharan Africa, and 48 percent of its commitments in Latin America and the Caribbean.|
The GTFP has been a relevant response to demand for trade finance risk mitigation in emerging markets, although faster recent expansion in lower-risk markets raises the need for close monitoring of its additionality in these areas. The GTFP significantly improved IFC’s engagement in trade finance from its past efforts by introducing an open, global network of banks and a quick and flexible response platform to support the supply of trade finance. The GTFP has high additionality among high-risk countries and banks, where the supply of trade finance and availability of alternate risk-mitigation instruments are lower.
|04/30/2013 - Review of the 2008-2012 Democratic Republic of Congo Country Assistance Strategy (CAS), the 2010 CAS Progress Report and the 2013 CAS Completion Report. This review examines the implementation of the Fiscal Years (FY) 2008-2011 Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) for the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the FY 2010 CAS Progress Report (CASPR), and the FY 2013 CAS Completion Report (CASCR). The strategy was presented as a World Bank strategy, but included IFC and MIGA as well. This review covers the joint program of the three institutions. |
The broad objective of the CAS was to lay the foundation for a medium-term poverty reduction effort, with a strong focus on governance and shared growth. Although overly ambitious at entry, the strategy became more focused following the mid-term review. The shift from budget support to investment lending supported the overall objective of the CAS. IEG rates the overall outcome of WBG assistance as moderately satisfactory, concurring with the CASCR.
The CASCR highlights 12 themes as the basis for lessons and recommendations. While these are all encompassing, they need to focus on the priority lessons that could help the country team improve the CAS outcomes going forward.
|04/24/2013 - Evaluation of World Bank Group Support to Health Financing in Improving Health System Performance (Approach Paper). This is an approach paper for the evaluation of World Bank Group Support to Health Financing in Improving Health System Performance (Fiscal Year 2003-2012).|
This evaluation will assess the effectiveness of World Bank Group (WBG) support to health financing in reducing fragmentation and improving health system performance measured by improved equity in access, quality, efficiency in health care delivery and financial protection. The evaluation will identify the evidence that the WBG supports priority challenges in health financing, the effectiveness of WBG support to health financing, and how WBG support to health financing was carried out on a country level. It will draw lessons to help inform the Bank Group's future approach to health financing activities.
|04/16/2013 - Review of the 2008-2011 Niger Country Assistance Strategy and CAS Completion Report. This review examines the implementation of the Fiscal Years (FY) 2008-2011 Niger Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) and the CAS Completion Report (CASCR). |
IEG rates the overall outcome of World Bank Group support as moderately unsatisfactory, below the CASCR rating of moderately satisfactory. IEG notes that, on balance, more of the CAS objectives were missed than achieved and were too general to provide an adequate structure for the design of the strategy. Implementation of the CAS program was adversely affected by political turmoil that led to a temporary suspension of operations and by severe food crises. The changed realities brought into starker relief the absence of a CAS Progress Report, which would have been useful for updating the strategy to guide the successful pursuit of CAS objectives.
IEG concurs with the CASCR conclusion that when dealing with a country prone to frequent shocks, it is important to maintain a high level of flexibility in order to respond rapidly to crisis, while keeping the emphasis on the reforms required for reducing vulnerability to these shocks over the medium term. However, IEG disagrees with the CASCR conclusion that in fragile, under-aided states the World Bank should pursue a strategy of comprehensive engagement and a presence in all sectors where there are urgent reform and/or investment needs.
|04/01/2013 - Tunisia: World Bank Group Country Evaluation 2005- 2012 (Approach Paper). This is an Approach Paper for the Country Program Evaluation (CPE) for Tunisia that will assess the outcome of the World Bank Group’s development assistance to Tunisia over Fiscal Years (FY) 2005-2012. The evaluation period will therefore encompass the historic Jasmine Revolution of 2011.|
The purpose of this CPE will be threefold. First and most importantly, the evaluation is intended to inform preparation of the next Country Partnership Strategy by gleaning lessons of experience from Bank Group engagement with Tunisia over the evaluation period. Second, the evaluation will fulfill an accountability function by comparing outcomes against Bank Group plans as outlined in the successive country strategies. However, in the post-revolution period, the focus will be on assessing how the Bank Group responded to the new priorities defined by the interim government’s priorities, and how its program has shifted as a result. Third, the evaluation will seek to identify lessons that may have broader applicability and usefulness in middle-income countries and/or in countries undergoing systemic political transition and facing the attendant risks.
|03/28/2013 - Project Performance Assessment Report for the Avian Influenza Control and Pandemic Preparedness and Response Project in Nigeria. The objectives of the Nigeria Avian Influenza Control and Human Pandemic Preparedness Project, implemented in 2006-2011, were to minimize the threat posed to the poultry industry and humans by Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza infection and other zoonose, and to prepare, control, and respond to influenza pandemics and other infectious disease emergencies in humans. |
IEG rated the overall project outcome as moderately satisfactory, reflecting highly relevant objectives and substantial design relevance, substantial achievement of both the animal and human health objectives, and modest efficiency – a moderate shortcoming. While substantial capacity gains have been made, it is not clear if these will be sustained because of a lack of funding. Consequently, the risk to development outcome is rated as significant.
|03/28/2013 - Review of the 2009-2012 India Country Assistance Strategy (CAS), the 2011 CAS Progress Report, and the CAS Completion Report. This review examines the implementation of the Fiscal Years (FY) 2009-2012 India Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) and the FY 2011 CAS Progress Report (CASPR), and assesses the CAS Completion Report (CASCR). The review covers the joint program of the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation (IFC). |
The main objective of the CAS was to assist India to achieve the goals of the Eleventh Five Year Plan: a country free of poverty and exclusion. The CAS objectives were organized under three pillars: (i) achieving rapid, inclusive growth; (ii) ensuring development is sustainable; and, (iii) increasing the effectiveness of service delivery. A cross-cutting focus was to achieve effective public spending and results. In response to the Government’s request, the CAS committed to focus on the low-income states.
IEG rates the overall outcome of WBG support as moderately satisfactory, below the CASCR rating of satisfactory. The CAS program pursued a broad range of objectives that were ambitious and included areas where engagement was nascent. While good progress was achieved on multiple fronts, there was slow and partial progress in some important areas.
IEG concurs with the lessons drawn by the CASCR. However, it wishes to underscore that the lack of a well-specified results chain linking the WBG interventions with CAS objectives, and weak M&E in program implementation seriously constrains the learning process.
|03/27/2013 - Project Performance Assessment Report for Sierra Leone National Social Action Project and Food Price Crisis Response Development Policy Grant. This Project Performance Assessment Report reviews the experience and lessons from two operations in Sierra Leone - the National Social Action Project and the Food Crisis Response Development Policy Grant. The Social Action Project supported recovery from a civil war, and both operations supported mitigation of the impacts of the 2007-2008 food price crisis on welfare. IEG rated the overall project outcome of the National Social Action Project as satisfactory and the risk to development outcome as moderate. The Food Crisis Grant’s outcome was rated as moderately satisfactory. Its objectives met an emergency need; and feeding services were substantially maintained. However, it only modestly achieved its objective to mitigate the impact of food price increases on consumer welfare, in part due to deficiencies in the relevance of design. The risk to development outcome is significant, as Sierra Leone remains highly vulnerable to future food price shocks. |
|03/27/2013 - Review of the 2009-2012 Benin Country Assistance Strategy and CAS Completion Report. This Review examines the implementation of the Fiscal Years 2009-2012 Benin Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) and assesses the CAS Completion Report (CASCR). Although relevant IFC activities were discussed in both documents, the CAS was not a joint IDA-IFC strategy, and this review covers only IDA.|
The broad objective of the World Bank’s assistance to Benin was to selectively support implementation of the Growth Strategy for Poverty Reduction of the Government. The CAS was organized under three pillars: (i) strengthening competitiveness and accelerating private sector led growth; (ii) improving access to basic; and (iii) promoting better governance and strengthening institutional.
IEG rates the overall outcome of IDA assistance as moderately satisfactory, concurring with the CASCR. Although there was progress in many areas, the progress was slow and partial.
|03/25/2013 - Review of the 2008-2011 Gambia Joint Assistance Strategy (JAS), the 2009 JAS Progress Report, and the JAS Completion Report. This review examines the implementation of the Fiscal Years (FY) 2008-2011 Joint Assistance Strategy (JAS) of The Gambia and the JAS Progress Report (JASPR) of FY 2009, and assesses the JAS Completion Report (JASCR). Although the JAS was jointly implemented by the World Bank and the African Development Bank , this review covers only the program of the World Bank. |
The JAS objectives were organized under two main pillars: (i) strengthening the institutional framework for economic management and public service, and (ii) enhancing productive capacity and accelerating growth and competitiveness.
IEG rates the overall outcome of IDA assistance as moderately unsatisfactory, which is below the JASCR rating of moderately satisfactory. Under both pillars, good progress was achieved toward some objectives; but limited or no progress was made in many areas.
IEG concurs with the lessons identified in the JASCR, and underscores three additional points. First, guidelines pertaining to the role of partner institutions, resource requirements to facilitate the process, and procedures for interaction within and between the partner institutions need to be clarified before such collaboration is initiated. Second, harmonization in line with the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness explicitly requires government ownership and leadership. Consequently, capacity support to the Government in this respect should be explicitly incorporated in the partnership program. Finally, the realism and relevance of the support program depend largely on the expected outcomes. Developing a practical results framework that is complemented by an implementable (i.e., supported by available data) monitoring and evaluation system is imperative for guiding program implementation.
|03/21/2013 - Improving Institutional Capability and Financial Viability to Sustain Transport: An Evaluation of World Bank Group Support Since 2002. Over the past decade, the World Bank, IFC and MIGA have committed about $50 billion for operations or guarantees in the transport sector; yet inadequate operations and maintenance has remained a concern. This evaluation assesses the effectiveness of World Bank Group support to countries in sustaining the provision of transport infrastructure and services and distills lessons on the factors contributing to sustained transport.|
|03/14/2013 - Review of the 2008-2011 Zambia Country Assistance Strategy, the 2012 CAS Progress Report and the CAS Completion Report. This review examines the implementation of the Fiscal Years (FY) 2008-2011 Zambia Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) and the CAS Progress Report (CASPR) of FY 2012, and assesses the CAS Completion Report (CASCR). |
The principle objective of the World Bank Group strategy was to help the Government achieve its objectives of accelerating and sharing growth. Supporting expenditure management and infrastructure investments were the two main focus areas of the CAS, while “good governance” and HIV measures would be mainstreamed into all operations.
IEG rates the overall outcome of IDA assistance as moderately unsatisfactory, below the CASCR rating of moderately satisfactory. Although IDA contributed to commendable achievement in certain areas, results achieved fell considerably short of expectations in others. On the cross-cutting themes, IDA’s efforts at improving governance helped promote good governance and anticorruption practices in some areas, but were not able to produce the expected results; mainstreaming of HIV/AIDS got very little traction and consequently no results.
IEG concurs with the lessons identified in the CASCR but underscores two additional points: i) given the large role Trust Fund activities play in implementation of many of the CASs, IDA needs to systematically integrate them into the CAS results frameworks and report their status as part of the CASCRs; and ii) considering the large share of county budgets that go into Analytical and Advisory Assistance (AAA), World Bank needs to put in place mechanisms for systematic planning, management and self-evaluation of the AAA programs.
|03/13/2013 - Evaluation of the World Bank Group’s Support for
Public-Private Partnerships (Approach Paper). Public-private partnerships (PPPs) have seen a rise in developing countries over the last two decades. More than 134 developing countries apply PPPs, contributing about 15–20 percent of total infrastructure investment. |
IEG's upcoming evaluation will assess the World Bank Group’s experience with PPPs for the first time after the Bank Group’s Private Sector Development (PSD) Strategy of 2002 integrated PPPs in the PSD agenda. The scope, issues, and questions for this evaluation were identified in an independent manner, following a broad–based consultative process across the World Bank Group.
|03/05/2013 - Review of the 2006-2008 Timor-Leste Country Assistance Strategy (CAS), the 2010 Timor-Leste Interim Strategy Note, and the CAS Completion Report. This review examines the implementation of the Fiscal Years (FY) 2006-2008 Timor-Leste Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) and the FY 2010 Timor-Leste Interim Strategy Note (ISN), and assesses the CAS Completion Report (CASCR). This review covers the joint program of the tWorld Bank and the International Finance Corporation (IFC). |
The broad objective of the CAS was to support Timor-Leste in consolidating its early progress and creating the conditions for growth outside the petroleum sector and poverty reduction. The objectives were organized under three pillars: (i) delivering sustainable services; (ii) creating productive employment; and (iii) strengthening governance. Youth and gender would be mainstreamed across these pillars.
IEG rates the overall outcome of the World Bank Group support as moderately unsatisfactory, concurring with the CASCR rating. It is only ten years since Timor-Leste celebrated independence. Although the country is making rapid progress in developing the key political and social structures, IEG concurs with the CASCR that the environment in which the WBG program was delivered was fragile, rapidly changing and in some ways uniquely challenging.
IEG concurs with the lessons identified in the CASCR, and underscores three additional points. First,the importance to devote at least as much attention to building a strong results chain for the cross-cutting themes as to any other pillars, and include them in the results framework for proper progress monitoring. Second, the risks tn the successful implementation of WBG program may differ in important ways from the risks facing the country that the WBG program is designed to address. Confusing the two often leads to inadequate mitigation measures to leal with the implementation risks. Third, the results frameworks should be consistent with the institutional capacity for data collection and streamlined to include a manageable number of key outcomes to guide program implementation and help signal any needed adjustments.
|02/05/2013 - Risk Management at the World Bank Group: What IEG Evaluation Tell Us. In recent years, the World Bank Group has come to recognize risk management as a central tenet of its own business strategy as well as an emerging development priority for lower- and middle-income countries. This brief summarizes findings from IEG evaluations on both of these dimensions of risk management.|
|02/05/2013 - Managing Forest Resources for Sustainable Development: An Evaluation of World Bank Group Experience. A decade ago, the World Bank Group shifted its approach in the forest sector by putting poverty alleviation and sustainable economic development on equal footing with conservation. It was a bold move given the risks and trade-offs involved in balancing these three aims. A decade into its implementation IEG evaluated the progress made and results of this approach. The evaluation involved a review of the Bank Group strategy and the complete portfolio of nearly 350 operations during the decade. Field-based case studies were conducted in Brazil, Chile, China, the Democratic Republic of Congo, India, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Liberia, Mexico, Peru, the Russian Federation, South Sudan, Uruguay and a desk study of small island states. Extensive interviews were carried out through various forums. A literature review complemented and informed the analysis and the desk and field studies, including IEG’s 2000 Forest Evaluation and the World Bank’s Mid-Term Review of Implementation.|
|01/31/2013 - Restoring Confidence and Transforming Institutions: An IEG Evaluation of World Bank Group Assistance to Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations (Approach Paper). Fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCS) have become an important focus of World Bank Group assistance in recent years as recognition of the linkages between fragility, conflict, violence, and poverty has grown. Addressing issues of recurring conflict and political violence, and helping build legitimate and accountable state institutions are central to the Bank Group's poverty reduction mission.|
To help address the operational challenges in FCS, which represent a crucial challenge to the Bank Group’s mission of poverty reduction, IEG is planning to undertake an evaluation of the World Bank's support for FCS in fiscal year 2013.The purpose of the proposed evaluation is to inform the Bank Group's shareholders, Board of Executive Directors, management, and other stakeholders of the extent to which the Bank Group’s support is responsive to the development challenges, pportunities, and risks in FCS and the extent to which it has engaged in and is effective in its support for a broader peace and statebuilding agenda.
|01/25/2013 - Third Phase Of The Road Development Program. |
|01/24/2013 - West Delta Water Conservation And Irrigation Rehabilitation Project. |
|01/24/2013 - Second School Access And Improvement. |
|01/24/2013 - Poverty Reduction Fund. |
|01/23/2013 - Brazil: World Bank Group Country Program Evaluation - 2004 - 2011 (Approach Paper). This is an approach paper for the evaluation of the World Bank Group Country Program implemented in Fiscal Years (FY) 2004-2011. With a landmass in excess of 8.5 million square kilometers and a population of almost200 million people, Brazil is the largest and most populous country in Latin America and fifth inthe world on both measures. |
This country program evaluation will assess the relevance and effectiveness of the World Bank Group‘s operations in Brazil between FY 2004 - 2011. As appropriate, the evaluation will comment on aspects of the ongoing Country Partnership Strategy implemented between FY 2012-2015 with particular reference to its relevance and design. The evaluation will examine the specific contribution of Bank Group to overall development outcomes and extract lessons relevant to future Bank Group operations in Brazil and in middle-income countries more generally. This will take into account differences in emphasis over time reflecting changing government priorities (such as the renewed emphasis on economic growth during the second CAS) and other factors, such as the effects of the financial and food crises.
|01/23/2013 - Support For The Second Phase Of The Expansion Of The Program Of Conditional Transfers-Familias en Acción Project. |
|01/17/2013 - Review of the 2007-2012 Malawi Country Assistance Strategy (CAS), the 2009 CAS Progress Report and the CAS Completion Report. This review examines the implementation of the Fiscal Years (FY) 2007-2010 Malawi Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) and the CAS Progress Report (CASPR) of FY 2009, and assesses the CAS Completion Report (CASCR). IFC did not participate in the CAS; this review covers only the IDA program.|
The overall objective of the WBG strategy was to support broad-based economic growth to reduce poverty in Malawi. The CAS was organized under four pillars: (i) improving small holder agricultural productivity and integration into agro-processing; (ii) putting in place a foundation for longer term economic growth; (iii) decreasing vulnerability at the household level to HIV/AIDS and malnutrition; and (iv) sustaining improvements in expenditure management, budget execution and the accountability of the civil service.
IEG rates the overall outcome of IDA support as moderately unsatisfactory, concurring with the CASCR rating.
IEG concurs with the lessons identified in the CASCR and underscores two key points. First, alignment of the CAS and the country’s program is necessary, but insufficient to ensure ownership and commitment. Where the risks of compromised reforms are high and viable risk mitigation measures are limited, alternative CAS scenarios may help steer a clearer course when such risks materialize. Second, the CASPR is an opportunity to take stock of the lessons learned from the initial phase of CAS implementation and to make course corrections.
|01/16/2013 - Review of the 2007-2010 Senegal Country Assistance Strategy (CAS), the 2009 CAS Progress Report and the CAS Completion Report. This review examines the implementation of the Fiscal Years (FY) 2007-2010 Senegal Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) and the CAS Progress Report (CASPR) of FY 2009, and assesses the CAS Completion Report (CASCR). The review covers the joint program of the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation (IFC). |
The broad objective of the World Bank Group (WBG) strategy was to address the challenges facing the country by maximizing synergies with the Government’s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and the Bank’s Africa Action Plan. The CAS objectives were supported by a governance filter which aimed to improve efficiency and transparency in the use of public resources, to increase the accountability of government, and to strengthen and modernize the judicial system and mechanisms for private sector governance.
IEG rates the overall outcome of the CAS as moderately unsatisfactory, concurring with the CASCR rating. Although some objectives were achieved, a majority of them were only partially achieved and some were not achieved. Under the governance filter, some improvement was achieved in the budget process and in the transparency of budget execution but the overall progress toward improving governance was weak.
IEG concurs with the lessons identified in the CASCR and underscores three key points: i) strong commitments and follow-up actions by the Government are critical for a WBG-supported intervention to lead to broader development impact than the intervention itself: ii) there is a need for stronger synergy between budget support operations and other WBG instruments such as AAA, TA, and investment projects; and iii) a coordinated approach between IDA, IFC and MIGA, while relevant, needs significant effort at the working level to build synergies and mutually reinforcing support.
|01/14/2013 - Rw-compet & Enterprise Dev (fy01). |
|01/14/2013 - Power Transmission Project. |
|01/14/2013 - Gms Power Trade (cambodia) Project. |
|01/14/2013 - China: Fifth Inland Waterways. |
|01/14/2013 - Fourth Inland Waterways Project. |
|01/14/2013 - Basic Education, Phase I. |
|01/14/2013 - Institutional Strengthening & Health Sector Support Program (ishssp). |
|01/12/2013 - Pakistan: Social Safety Nets Development Policy Credit. |
|01/09/2013 - Nigeria State Education Sector Project. |
|01/09/2013 - Multisectoral Hiv/aids Project. |
|01/09/2013 - Tg-economic Recovery & Gov. Grant 4. |
|01/09/2013 - Multisector Hiv/aids Control Project. |
|01/09/2013 - Multi-sectoral HIV/AIDS Program. |
|01/07/2013 - Evaluation of the World Bank Group’s Targeted Support for Small and Medium Enterprises (Approach Paper). This is an Approach Paper for IEG's upcoming Evaluation of the World Bank Group’s Targeted Support for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). The evaluation will review IFC, MIGA and World Bank targeted SME support activities since 2006; assess their relevance, efficacy and efficiency; and provide an overall assessment of their development effectiveness. The evaluation will draw lessons from experience and make recommendations to help enhance the achievement of the World Bank Group's development mission and specifically, to enhance the impact of its SME support in contributing to growth, employment and shared prosperity. The evaluation report is expected to inform the discussion of the extent and nature of the World Bank Group’s future engagement in targeted SME support activities. It will complement other work on broader systemic reforms in support of private sector de-velopment, including IEG analyses of work on the investment climate and the financial sector.|
|01/07/2013 - Gas Seep Harvesting Project. |
|12/27/2012 - Rural Investment And Local Governance Project. |
|12/26/2012 - Zambia Copperbelt Environment Project (cep). |
|12/24/2012 - Sv - Earthquake Emergency Recovery & Health Services Extension Project. |
|12/22/2012 - Administration Capacity Building Project. |
|12/20/2012 - Support for Economic Expansion and Diversification (SEED). |
|12/20/2012 - Cadastre Development Project. |
|12/19/2012 - St. Vincent And The Grenadines: Oecs Education Development Project. |
|12/19/2012 - Avian Influenza Control Project. |
|12/19/2012 - Sb Health Sector Support Project (ta). |
|12/17/2012 - Liuzhou Environment Management Project. |