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Implementation Completion Report (ICR) Review - Urgent Road Project


  
1. Project Data:   
ES Date Posted:
08/09/2004   
PROJ ID:
P070295
Appraisal
Actual
Project Name:
Urgent Road Project
Project Costs(US $M)
 5  12.8
Country:
Kosovo
Loan/Credit (US $M)
 0  0
Sector, Major Sect.:
Central government administration, Roads & highways,
Law and justice and public administration; Transportation
Cofinancing (US $M)
 0  7
L/C Number:
     
   
Board Approval (FY)
  1
Partners involved
Ministry of Cooperation, Netherlands. 
Closing Date
06/30/2003 12/31/2003
         
Prepared by: Reviewed by: Group Manager: Group:  
Kavita Mathur
Peter Nigel Freeman Alain A. Barbu OEDST

2. Project Objectives and Components:

a. Objectives
The primary objective of the Project, was to contribute to the reconstruction and economic development of Kosovo, by: (i) supporting the re-establishment of a road management capacity in Kosovo;

(ii) supporting emergency road maintenance activities on the main network; and
(iii) helping, through road maintenance activities funded under the Project, to restore local contracting capacity for road/bridge rehabilitation and summer/winter maintenance.

b. Components
The project was part of a comprehensive program (the Program) of interventions in the roads sector for the two or three years following approval of the grants. The main components of the project were:

  • Road Maintenance - provide funding for about one-third of the Program’s road maintenance component to maintain about 570 km of roads.
  • Road Rehabilitation- fund overlay on a 14 km high priority stretch of the Pristina (Prishtine) - Gnjilane (Gjilani) road which had not been considered for funding by other donors.
  • Support to Road Management Capacity - (a) fund a study on the potential introduction of road user charges, (b) provide a site engineer to organize supervision of the works carried out under the project and strengthen supervision within Directorate of Roads (DoR), (c) assist in specific areas such as project implementation or DoR strengthening, in case commitments made by other donors failed to materialize in a timely manner, (d) fund the costs of the annual audits.

With the approval of a grant from the Government of Netherlands the scope of the project was expanded to include other works in the Program. These included:
  • maintenance of about 50 km of road sections and rehabilitation of about 10 km of road sections;
  • reconstruction of the Lozica Bridge;
  • a study on road safety; and
  • the development of road material testing capacity.

c. Comments on Project Cost, Financing and Dates
The project was a Trust Fund Grant Agreement of US$ 5 million between International Development Association (IDA) and the United Nations Interim Administration in Kosovo. It was an emergency project and was prepared in only four months. At appraisal the total project cost was US$ 5 million. In November 2000, the Ministry of Cooperation, Netherlands contributed US$ 7 million to help cofinance the project. The actual total project cost is US$ 12.8 million, of which US$ 5 million was IDA grant, US$ 7 million from the Government of Netherlands, and US$ 0.76 million from the central budget of Kosovo.
The project closing date was extended by six months to allow for the completion of the bridge works and traffic safety study. All the road works were completed before June 30, 2003, the original closing date.


3. Achievement of Relevant Objectives:

The objective of supporting the re-establishment of a road management capacity in Kosovo was achieved. The Road Infrastructure Department (RID) within the Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) was created. Design manuals were prepared, training was provided on preparation of bidding documents, and a database for road condition and road inventory was created. Support was also provided for the preparation of annual programs and budgets for summer and winter maintenance. A study on road user charges was carried out.
The objective of supporting emergency road maintenance activities on the main network was achieved. Road maintenance was carried out on 503 km of roads (about 81% of the 620 km estimated at appraisal) and about 205 km were rehabilitated (compared to original plan of 24 km, with about 120 km receiving both routine maintenance and rehabilitation).

The objective of restoring local contracting capacity for road/bridge rehabilitation was achieved. Contractors were familiarized through several courses with the procurement requirements of each donor. By the end of the project , some of the successful local firms invested in equipment and plants.


4. Significant Outcomes/Impacts:

The road network in Kosovo has improved and the quality index of the network is 1.93 compared to the appraisal target of 2.78.
  • The project was successful in putting together working institutions in the roads sector. A Transport Law was approved in 2003 to provide a legal framework for the roads sector. Under the law, the responsibility of planning and programming was allocated to MTC/RID, and the control over execution of works was given to the Directorate of Roads (DoR).
  • The project increased the environmental focus in the roads sector. Environmental Management Plans are now being included in all road sector contracts and DoR is actively enforcing them.
  • The participation of private sector in carrying out road maintenance.

5. Significant Shortcomings (include non-compliance with safeguard features):

Acceptable levels of horizontal and vertical markings on road surface were not made. It is also noted that the Traffic Safety Study was not carried out under the credit, although it has since been completed using the Government Funds.
6. Ratings:ICROED ReviewReason for Disagreement/Comments
Outcome:
SatisfactorySatisfactory
Institutional Dev.:
SubstantialSubstantial
Sustainability:
LikelyNon-evaluableThe sustainability is rated "Non-evaluable" at this stage for the following reason - although the project was successful in putting together institutions in the roads sector, the working of these institutions is rather incipient and there are concerns regarding the sustainability of these institutions without the donor support.
Bank Performance:
SatisfactorySatisfactory
Borrower Perf.:
SatisfactorySatisfactory
Quality of ICR:
Satisfactory

7. Lessons of Broad Applicablity:

The experience from this project suggests that the Bank can play an important catalytic role in providing critical resources and technical assistance for rebuilding the infrastructure in post-conflict economies. Close coordination within the donor community (Government of Netherlands, European Union, GTZ, and Agence Francaise de Development (AFD)) as well as with United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) was critical to project success
  • To achieve lasting improvements in institutional performance, long term efforts are needed.

8. Audit Recommended?  Yes

          Why?  To verify future sustainability of the project.

9. Comments on Quality of ICR:

The quality of the ICR is satisfactory. It is concise and covers all the relevant issues relating to the implementation experience and the outcome of the project.

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