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Implementation Completion Report (ICR) Review - National livestock development project

1. Project Data:   
ES Date Posted:
Project Name:
National livestock development project
Project Costs(US $M)
 32.4  6.3
Central African Republic
Loan/Credit (US $M)
 16.6  2.8
Sector, Major Sect.:
Cofinancing (US $M)
 13.7  3.5
L/C Number:
Board Approval (FY)
Partners involved
Closing Date
06/30/2000 06/30/1999
Prepared by: Reviewed by: Group Manager: Group:  
John R. Heath
Ridley Nelson Gregory K. Ingram OEDST

2. Project Objectives and Components:

a. Objectives
Improve the productivity of the Borrower's livestock sector and further its integration into the Borrower's economy

  • Improve the standards of living of the herder population through increased diversification of their sources of income;
  • Strengthen the livestock sector's professional organizations, through democratization of their operations and decentralization of the decision-making process; and
  • Promote adequate and sustainable management of natural resources.

b. Components
Part A. Strengthening the institutional framework: includes establishing a Livestock Interprofessional Development Fund (FIDE), improving the operating capacity of National Livestock Development Agency (ANDE), establishing a savings and loan scheme for pastoralists, and conducting a baseline survey of the livestock sector. Part B. Improving the productivity of the livestock sector: includes creating 16 Agro-Pastoral Action Areas, assessing water needs, building and maintaining tracks and firebreaks, providing extension services , and promoting small livestock.
Part C. Training: including programs for staff, herder's sons, and herder association members (particularly women).

c. Comments on Project Cost, Financing and Dates

3. Achievement of Relevant Objectives:

Stakeholder participation in preparation and appraisal was exceptionally good. Despite this excellent foundation the project failed to achieve its objectives. The productivity of the livestock sector was not raised and there was no discernible reduction of poverty. The 16 Agro-Pastoral Action Areas were not created. Objectives that were achieved were: (Part A) establishment of FIDE, which is responsible for financing livestock development; (Part C) some training of staff and herders.

4. Significant Outcomes/Impacts:

At preparation, the project entailed an exemplary level of donor coordination, which may have left some legacy even though the project's outcome was unsuccessful. During the appraisal mission consultations with grassroots beneficiaries were held in 15 locations, reaching 1,500 persons. FIDE is still in place and has a valid role to play in mobilizing financing for livestock development; but continued political unrest and civil obedience hampers FIDE's collection of funds. Land tenure regulations were modified to allow for the creation of herder-crop farmer associations.

5. Significant Shortcomings (include non-compliance with safeguard features):

The project was immobilized by riots and looting of the project facilities during the first two years of project implementation, and subsequent insecurity and political instability. The government lacked the capacity to concentrate on project implementation difficulties, and the implementing agency (ANDE) failed to manage project funds adequately. Supervision was curtailed by the lack of security. Destruction of project records makes it difficult to assess project outputs.

6. Ratings:ICROED ReviewReason for Disagreement/Comments
Institutional Dev.:
    Same rating, different lexicon.
Bank Performance:
Borrower Perf.:
    Same rating, different lexicon.
Quality of ICR:

7. Lessons of Broad Applicablity:

Donors need to act in concert when project's are threatened by political interference or insecurity: immediate and complete suspension by all donors will have a better impact than piecemeal action by single agencies.
  • This project and the two previous livestock operations demonstrate that institutions outside government (like FIDE) are more likely to perform better as implementing agencies than state agencies (e.g. ANDE).

8. Audit Recommended?  No


9. Comments on Quality of ICR:

The ICR does as good a job as possible given the lack of data (some of it destroyed by looters). Annex 2 (Project Costs) needs to be adjusted so that "Actual" column is consistent with data in paragraph 5.4.

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