The World Bank Administrative Tribunal was established in 1980. Its purpose is to decide on applications submitted by staff members of the Bank Group alleging non-observance of their contracts of employment or terms of appointment. Depending on the nature of the case, recourse to either Peer Review Services, the Pension Benefits Administration Committee or the Workers’ Compensation Administrative Review Panel is usually required before applications are submitted to the Tribunal. As an exception, the parties may agree that the application be submitted directly to the Tribunal. The Tribunal’s decisions are final and binding.
The Tribunal is composed of seven judges, all of whom are nationals of different Member States of the Bank. The judges must be persons of “high moral character” and must “possess the qualifications required for appointment to high judicial office or be juriconsults of recognized competence.” They are appointed by the Executive Directors of the Bank from a list of candidates drawn up by the President of the Bank after appropriate consultation.
The Secretariat, the administrative arm of the Tribunal, is managed by the Executive Secretary who, according to the Tribunal’s Statute, is responsible in the discharge of duties solely to the Tribunal. The Executive Secretary organizes and administers the work connected with the Tribunal's review of cases filed by staff members against the Bank, in order to ensure just disposition of these cases by the Tribunal.